Recasting 2011 census: Too little, too late

Posted on May 14, 2010 | Author: Sonalde Desai | View 3418 | Comment : 41

What we lose by this careless inclusion of caste in the census of 2011 is an opportunity to debate the underlying nature of social inequality in India, and that is a grievous loss.

artical Picture There must be something about being counted that produces a visceral reaction in all societies. The US seems to routinely go through last-minute debates about counting immigrants and adjustment of undercount.

The storm around the inclusion of caste in the 2011 Indian census is another example. However, it offers a unique opportunity for a public debate around what we are counting and why.
If this were simply a debate about how many Indians consider themselves belonging to Other Backward Classes (OBC) and enumeration of their basic characteristics, there is little reason for this storm in the teacup.

Judging by the Press reports, all the census is going to do is collect self-reports of whether the respondents belong to OBCs and along with education, marital status and housing characteristics normally enumerated in the census, so one may be able to compare characteristics of OBCs with those of the general population.
Are any of the results likely to be surprising? Most studies based on large surveys document two things: socio-economic conditions of OBCs are worse than those of forward castes, although significantly better than those of Dalits and adivasis; and their incomes as well as human development indicators are on par with all India averages.
This is not surprising since OBCs comprise a vast proportion of India’s population and their conditions determine all-India averages.

For example, NSS documents average monthly per-capita expenditure as Rs 557 for OBCs in rural areas compared to Rs 558 for the general population.

A recently-published study by researchers from NCAER and University of Maryland documents that 46% of India’s 8-11 year-old children cannot read a simple paragraph; among the OBCs, 44% cannot read.
If OBCs are expected to look more or less like the average Indian, it does not really matter whether their head count is large or small, particularly given the measurement error due to self-reporting.

At the same time, the criticism of how incorporation of this one question is going to ruin the whole census exercise also seems overblown.
It is inconvenient to have to add one more column at this late date but I have great faith in the ingenuity of the office of the registrar general.

What we lose by this careless inclusion of caste in Census 2011 is an opportunity to debate the underlying nature of social inequality in the country, and that is a grievous loss.

However, we do not help the most deprived by focusing on the average. Sadly, this is precisely what successive commissions on OBCs have done with the help of outdated data from the census of 1931 conducted by a colonial administration.
How many people in the country today even know how any jati comes to be termed OBC? The first OBC Commission of 1953, led by Kaka Kalelkar, set the trend of using regionally-specific caste groupings to define ‘depressed classes’.

This was further refined by the Mandal Commission to come up with a set of criteria of social, educational and economic backwardness that were used to classify various castes as being backward or not.
If we truly want to identify the deprived groups, two aspects of this exercise deserve re-examination: are the criteria consistent with the Indian reality in the 21st century?

And should these criteria be applied consistently across the country or be different for different states, as was the case with the Mandal Commission report?
The criteria used by the Mandal Commission overwhelmingly rely on social characteristics since social backwardness receives three points, compared to two points for educational backwardness and one point for economic backwardness in its classification.

Definition of social backwardness includes high work participation by women and low age at marriage, among others. This may well have been reasonable in 1980, but in a modern economy, women with college degrees are more likely to be employed than women with primary education.
So, paradoxically, this criterion would place castes with higher college education for women below those where women only complete primary school.

Similarly, the age at marriage criterion probably accounts at least partially for the fact that about 32% of Haryana’s population is classified as OBC compared to 19% of Punjab’s. The second aspect of the Mandal Commission decision is even more problematic.

The commission quickly realised that given the geographic diversity of the country and its overwhelming reliance on social indicators, some states are likely to have many more OBCs than others.
In order to avoid this political quagmire, instead of using the same cutoff for each state, they used different cutoffs so that the stigma (and benefits) of backwardness were evenly distributed across the country.

However, although OBC counts may appear to be similar for Bihar and Kerala, it is hard to argue today that these two states are similar on other aspects of deprivation.
These examples suggest a need for serious and thoughtful evaluation of backwardness with data that are consistent with 21st century realities.

If census is to carry out a serious caste enumeration to update the 1931 data, it would take years of thought and planning to figure out how to condense a list of thousands of jatis into some manageable number and then to use it to elicit responses from the population instead of merely checking the OBC box.

This is simply not feasible in 2010 when the population enumeration in February 2011 is barely seven months away. If the goal of public policy is to ensure that the vulnerable and marginalised citizens of India receive special consideration, reliance on OBC classification is like using an ax to remove a brain tumour.

However, if the current storm has generated a real political will to fashion a scalpel for the tumour, then we should be looking at setting up expert groups for a complete enumeration of jatis in 2021 and their reclassification to identify the truly marginalised backward classes. Is our polity brave enough to attempt this?

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Comments (41)

  • I support any constitutional amendment to enact a law where property too is redistributed equally among citizens of India. SAMATAMOOLAK samaj ka swapna hai. We must create a casteless,classless, samatamoolak samaj.I know i will loose a large part of my property by this law but still I support it because it will strengthen my motherland India.But all said and done it is economic justice.It will not be a step of for social justice.
    Our social system is such that even a poor elite caste person does not allow marriage of his daughter to an economic better off person from a SC section of society. Matrimonial columns of national dailies in metropolitan cities where all these \"progressive\" classes live will vouch for it. The day 50% of people even in Metropolitan cities(5% population ...See More

    Posted by Dr Anil Yadava,CEO at Savidh Medical Systems|22 May, 2010

  • I sincerely hope these dangerous quota purveyors stop using the logic of “suppressed for centuries.” You can not kill merit and degrade others to set an historical wrong right. By the way how does Dr Anil Yadava justify the oppression he is heaping onto his bhangi and his family who come to sweep and remove filth from his bungalow day in and day out? He must be punished for oppressing the poor bhangis and the government should confiscate Dr Yadava’s property which should be handed over to the bhangis so that social justice is done to them!.

    Secondly the quotas for the so-called OBCs is a total, gigantic fraud and a blatant rape of the Indian Constitution. Only SCs and STs deserve quotas as per the Constitution and even that too was capped for 10 years by that great ...See More

    Posted by Siddharth | 22 May, 2010

  • It is a hard fact that India was never divided on the basis of caste. People of different caste live in same village. Before britishers came; India was divided in more than 600 states; because of selfish/vested interests of individuals from15% elite class. In 1947 India was divided into Bharat and Pakistan on the basis of religion. States of our nation were divided on the basis of language. Pakistan was further divided into Pakistan and Bangladesh on the basis of language. Maharashtra, Gujarat, Haryana , Punjab, Uttarakhand, jharkhand and chattisgarh are divisions on the basis of language or geography. Government jobs are just 5% of total jobs. 95% of jobs are in private sector where there is no reservation. There is no reservation in possession of property .
    In Mahabharat Epic a ...See More

    Posted by Dr Anil Yadava,CEO at Savidh Medical Systems|21 May, 2010

  • I think instead of critically assailing people having a different mindset, we should try to bring them around to a common view point. Caste bias is just as real as gender bias. And ask any men if equality between the genders should be practiced & each is a yeah answer. Ask them privately if their women colleagues with same qualifications and experience are superior to them and you'll find the worst of the fellows refusing to accept the fact. Some people are missing the point of this argument. Inclusion of caste in census is causing apprehensions that it may give result to increased quotas or claims to quotas. Exaggerated protests that the country will be balkanized are exactly that- exaggerations. Data on OBC's with the government is not yet based on the Census. Is this data reliable and ...See More

    Posted by Anjana Singh , Master of International Affairs, '04 at Columbia University, NY, USA | 21 May, 2010

  • Half-baked knowledge is dangerous. There is no point in mixing Social-Justice with Economic-Justice. Affirmative action is a medicine for 5000yrs of social injustice done to OBCs/SCs?STs. For 5000yrs these people were denied education; right to property and right to choose profession of their choice. Even now 52% of OBCs have only 27% reservation that means just half of their just share. For 5000yrs these meritorious people had 100% reservation in all the good jobs and 100% resrvation of right to property, right to education, right to rule etc. And look what they did. India became the poorest of the country in the world.India became most illiterate country in the world where people descended right from the "Head" of God Himself. India became most defeated and enslaved country of the world ...See More

    Posted by Dr Anil Yadava,CEO at Savidh Medical Systems|21 May, 2010

  • Dr. Anil Yadava need to be more aware of what is happening in the rest of the country. Do you know about Greater Nagaland Issue? It is what you call a CAST CLASH! So when you make such obsolete statements, like India has been never divided on the basis of caste, it just goes on to prove that you are giving your own subjective views, irrespective of the reality!

    Posted by Papia , Assistant Coordinator at CSE | 21 May, 2010

  • Okay, let us do the homework. Today any family earning MORE than than Rs 4.5 lakh per annum is considered "creamy layer" among OBCs. It was Rs 2.5 lakh two years earlier. This means anyone earning upto Rs 37,500 per month does not come under creamy layer! What a perverted quota logic! Does anyone earning as much as Rs 37,500 per month deserve a quota simply because he does not come under the creamy layer? There are millions of forward caste families who subsist on Rs 11,000 or even less per month with the state turning a blind eye to their miseries. Had the government really helped the poor Indians without the invidious quotas than this sort of casteist criminal discrimination would have not polluted our soul called “Indianness.” Today there is a vicious quota rat race and dogs have ...See More

    Posted by siddharth | 21 May, 2010

  • People should first do homework and then comment. If anyone has done homework he will be aware that rich among OBCs are denied OBC certificate as they come under creamy layer. Even a family member of class 3 employee of OBC is denied certificate because they come under creamy layer conditions. I too belong to OBC but none of my family member has ever availed any quota....always qualified the toughest of competitions on merit n in General category. Never went to college of capitation fee also where people pay money and nobody cares for merit.No fatcat criticises these admissions because here only their child get admissions.
    Half knowledge is dangerous my dear. Justice denied leads to militancy like Naxalism. I am sure if 85% OBCs/SCs?STs/Minorities are denied justice for long; there ...See More

    Posted by Dr Anil Yadava,CEO at Savidh Medical Systems|21 May, 2010

  • The rich quota grabbers say that quotas have not divided the country. How interesting? What do they want? A Bosnia type of massacre before they conclude that it has divided the country? Quotas deprive the poor of their rights as the casteist rich grab everything. This is unfair. The courts should have declared illegal and anti-constitutional once the quotas were extended beyond the 10-year period. Quotas have bred evil and perversion and corruption. I hope the beneficiaries are at least truthful to themselves.

    Posted by siddharth | 21 May, 2010

  • The rich quota grabbers say that quotas have not divided the country. How interesting? What do they want? A Bosnia type of massacre before they conclude that it has divided the country? Quotas deprive the poor of their rights as the casteist rich grab everything. This is unfair. The courts should have declared illegal and anti-constitutional once the quotas were extended beyond the 10-year period. Quotas have bred evil and perversion and corruption. I hope the beneficiaries are at least truthful to themselves.

    Posted by siddharth | 21 May, 2010

  • India should look up to developed countries for arriving at any decision in this regard. And, India does not, probably, because in those countries there is nothing like the castes (jatis). Casteism is a typical social phenomenon existing in Indian continent, especially in the Hindu community. The census with caste enumeration is a serious issue because within India, even today, one’s caste is a label (predestined and permanent) playing bigger role in one’s identity—even more than region and religion. Ironically, the Indian laws allow a change in religion as per a wish of a citizen. But, there is no legal procedure for changing one’s caste ! However, the caste is an irrational and indefinable institution in total contrast to the religion. Every religion is vitally defined by ...See More

    Posted by Mr. D | 21 May, 2010

  • There are people who are arguing that enumeration of OBCs will divide the country. SCs & STs are being enumerated since independence. Has it divided the country?? History of India will tell you that India has been divided on the basis of religion n language only. Never even once it was divided on the basis of caste.
    Right minded people want to bring marginalised sections of society into the mainstream and assimilate them. These efforts will strengthen the unity of our nation. It will also unlock & unleash the vast potential of country . This will only make India strong and prosperous.

    Posted by Dr Anil Yadava,CEO at Savidh Medical Systems|20 May, 2010

  • This will create a database that can be used by the political leaders to formulate their election dynamics depending on the projected collective bargaining power of the members belong to each caste. It is not caste but political opportunism coupled with corrupt and inefficient civil service that has emerge as the main obstacle in social penetration of developmental activities.

    Posted by anjan datta | 20 May, 2010

  • Just yesterday I asked the sweeper in my housing society (teenager) if he went to school in the afternoons. He said he had dropped out of school years ago. Do you know any youngster in your extended family or friends circle who has not finished middle school? The poorest youngsters amongst my relatives are graduates. Does it occur to any of us that this is how social inequality is perpetuated? Why is the literacy rate far lower among the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes than OBC's or forward castes? The worst specimens of youth born to rich parents buy a degree if they can't earn it but the opportunity for a better life through education is denied to the poor. But isn't primary education free and compulsory? Why are underprivileged kids then denied this education? Citizens of my ...See More

    Posted by Anjana Singh , Master of International Affairs, '04 at Columbia University, NY, USA | 18 May, 2010

  • i have no agreed to this topics...........

    Posted by parthiv jani , computer at aajkaal | 17 May, 2010

  • Is anybody questioning the tremendous power this places in the hands of those who control or who have access to the collected information to manipulate or misuse details, not only of caste but also more, of private citizens to the great detriment of the individual who has little recourse to battle incompetence in keeping private details secure or corruption of those in authority? Where is my right to privacy, security? What can I do if some incompetent or corrupt official with an axe to grind juggles around my details to get me on record as a particular kind of person I may not be, possibly even without my knowing it? I question the ability and integrity of those who will be in a position to collect, store and access details of a private, individual citizen.

    Posted by t k jamwal | 16 May, 2010

  • In stead of caste we should try to know the income of the family so that we could think of increasing their inome. Poverty means people with low income and till we increase income of the people, we shall not be able to bring our people out of poverty. So the Parliament must come to this point. I cannot understand as to why the government is not trying to know the income of the people.

    Posted by dalip singh wasan , advocate at author | 15 May, 2010

  • I do not understand why caste distinction is linked to class distinction. Is a Backward class IAS office synonymous to low class? Or a Brahmin maid as socially fortunate? Caste is definitely the thriving point of our country much to the glee of the politicians who can twist there selfish meanings with such weapons. We need to look forward after learning from our past, which has clearly shown that unnecessary caste based, religion based, ethnicity based, race based distinction will not lead us any where but back to our pre independence days. This calls for a people oriented movement who really believe in the unnecessity in bringing caste in everything even remotely important. As for Mr. Aditya, I fail to see his extremist point when he remarks " Hinduism is decreasing and other religion is ...See More

    Posted by Papia , Assistant Coordinator at CSE | 15 May, 2010

  • This is a very good decision of indian govt because our SC./ST/OBC etc have not been gained their proper rights till date. Reservatoin is not proper solution to maintain the conditoin of such people. Govt should calculate caste wise population and arrange reservation with immediate effect because we have already late. Even I would like to say that if our govt. thoughts it before 20 years ago, today our OBC/SC/SC people are more developed.

    Our politicians run after only votes and after getting their votes they cannot do anything to improve their social & political development/ empowerment.
    ...See More

    Posted by NARESH PAL | 15 May, 2010

  • I strongly support that caste bases and religion based census should be conducted.
    Because we need to know how Hinduism is decreasing and other religion is growing then at least Hindus will reliase the need for the unity.

    Posted by aditya , HR at TNS INDIA | 15 May, 2010

  • Why are we further perpetuating the caste system? ....It's thriving anyway and does not need governent patronage. Whatever pious motives the government might claim this is a clear effort to further divide indian society on arcaine lines. Despite the other gains India is still a laughing stock in the comity of nations because of caste...Lets face it, we are living in the 21st century and caste has long outlived its utility, except for electoral purposes. By including it in the census questionnaire we are endorsing the abominable caste system

    Posted by Ashim Choudhury | 15 May, 2010

  • Yes! This cast based census is neceesary in current political scenario prevalent in our country at the momen. Political partys whosoever are power in centre or state are somewhere down the line they are utilising caste based polititics to retail power. If i completeley agree there should not be caste based census it will furher create division in our society. But current situation which is prevalent in our country it is impossible. No political parts wants to get away with caste based politics. Hence it is going to stay. May this census gives true picture of disadvantage or margibalised section of our society!

    One gentleman has rightly pointed let us have income census along side in this caste based census , then let us have reservation based on Income of the people so ...See More

    Posted by Prem , Customer Support Manager at Manmachine India Pvt. ltd. | 15 May, 2010

  • no need. then people will ask for priority. communal fight will start. those working hard, those getting high in their performance shd get the reward, not those are in low community

    Posted by nilapen | 15 May, 2010

  • Yes sure it will help ! It will help further tore the society, it will help out country to go back to the middle ages. Check-out the history and you will find that only the congress party is behind all negative marks that earns India since 1947, including communalism, yes I mean it - including communalism.

    Posted by Alkesh Patel | 15 May, 2010

  • As the census sets out to update the 1931 data with special regard to the enumeration of the different castes, I detect a serious flaw in such a futile and meaningless exercise. Caste has been the scourge of India so trying to classify the people on the basis of caste, for whatever reasons, is, in my opinion, a puposeless task which will only further keep the caste system alive and well-classified for no particular reason other than to create more divisions and subdivisons in society. Indian society is already mired in the politics of caste and caste-based vote banks and such a census, as I see, can further exacerbate the already prevalent atrocities committed in the name of caste.

    On the other hand, the only important feature of a census, besides gathering some stock ...See More

    Posted by Rukmani Raghavan,Freelance English language Editor at Integra Software Services Private Limited|15 May, 2010

  • Census is an activity, a documentation or data collection and not too much caution or reading is necessary at this point of time. Only the interpretation is to be monitored cautiously. It is not wrong to count heads based on caste in India with its multicultural and diversified anthropological roots. Keep politics out of a national exercise. It is important that all parameters of society is collected.

    Posted by Raghu Venkatachalaiah , Editor at Viveka Hamsa | 14 May, 2010

  • There are people in this country who say that they do not believe in caste......but when it comes to marrying their sisters n daughters they advertise for the groom of their own caste. Matrimonial columns of Times of India and other National Dailies are the evidence. I ask these self-styled casteless people.....why do not they go for an equally qualified match in SC category. Only then they have the right to say that Modern India is a casteless society. The day I see 90% of advts of matrimonial columns asking for brides/grooms of any caste ; I will oppose any & every caste-based policy . Till then only Ostrichs and pigeon can close their eyes but me.

    Posted by Dr Anil Yadava,CEO at Savidh Medical Systems|14 May, 2010

  • According to my opinion it would be sheer stupidity because the real needy hardly ever get the help sanctioned in their name. Only the cunning and clever reap the benefits in their names. The people are using it to satisfy their greedy and grubby intentions. Now the time has come to do away with all kinds of reservations as it is only acting as a vote generating bank for the political parties instead of doing any good to anyone expect nurturing the disparity and giving rise to the feelings to jealousy and discontentment. India requires people placing the country before their personal issues and gains. Instead of pitying the poor ones the real help should be provided by giving the means to earn their living and making them stand on their own two feet. They should be taught to earn through ...See More

    Posted by Chhavi | 14 May, 2010

  • I feel the author mistakenly takes the statements of politicians at their face value. The clamour for enlarging the ambit of OBCs is a political oneupmanship of politicians. While the groups that value wealth creation avoid being included in OBcs even when they are eligible for fear of the stigma of backwardnes, the goups that onlyvalue status and power rush in to be classified as backwards even when their economic status does not desreve.
    The entir exercise of OBC enumeration has power politics as its basis. The more castes enumerated as OBC the more weihjtage their politicians get in the power game. The examples of Chhagan Bhujbal and Munde prov my point.

    Posted by Taral Prakash Bhatt | 14 May, 2010

  • When will India mature and learn to segregate the rich from the poor within the groups they belong be it SCs or STs or OBCs? Is feeding a rich, prosperous scheduled caste the right way to bring equality in the society. The Congressi Salman Khurshid jokes saying the rich do not get quotas when the poor of each group or community goes begging. How can a quota guy be poor when his annual income is more than Rs 4.5 lakhs. This is in bad taste. I condemn caste census on one single yardstick. It will Balkanise India for ever as each Indian would be carrying a caste label stuck on his forehead. When such devilish madness is politically generated and propels this nation on the path of self-destruction why blame our enemies like Pakistan or China?

    Posted by Deepa Hegde | 14 May, 2010

  • As Prime minister has announced in house, we will have to enroll our caste..but there should be a campeign against it to avoid the side effectes of post this cencus! Peer power is doing a right thing by initiating this debate.

    Caste based census should be avoided in larger and long term interest of society. Once upon a time caste based system was more of "karma" based ...where son of a teacher used to adopt a profession of teacher and son of a vaishya would necessarily adpot the same profession. The system is out dated ,irrelevant and spoiled ,it must go and as a civilised society we must help it go in smooth manner.
    ...See More

    Posted by Suhas Vaidya , Training Manager at Britannia | 14 May, 2010

  • I would like to ask Dr Anil Yadava if we are living as Indians in 21st century India or in some primordial time swearing allegiance to tribal loyalties? It is nice to hear SC/STs and OBCs being empowered. But why go through the invidious and harmful caste route? You simply cannot rob Peter to pay Paul whatever may your Constitution says on the plea that one group or the other had been subjugated. This is eye-for-an-eye logic which will make India blind. Can we then take revenge on the Muslims whose forefathers had raped and looted this land? And finally even if the census data arrives after a Herculean effort it will take another five years to analyse it, as the prime minister himself admitted. Meanwhile, based on the distorted caste data Laloos and Mulayams would have snatched their ...See More

    Posted by VN Balakrishna | 14 May, 2010

  • I wish that there should be columns where income of fmily be given so that we could know the number of poor people in India and this number should be basis for giving concessions nd relaxations. Instead of caste, we should income column in the form.

    Posted by dalipsinghwasan , advocate at author | 14 May, 2010

  • The writer was born and always lived in elite class.......he just wants to close his eyes from reality.......just as a pigeon closes eyes to see the cat. He does not want to unlock the vast potential among OBCs & Dalits. India has island of opulance in the sea of poverty n illiteracy. Just imagine how powerful n prosperous our nation will be once we empower 1.2 billion OBCs & Dalits of this great nation. India has been sabjugated n suffered hunger because of Ostrich\'s like this writer.

    Posted by Dr Anil Yadava,CEO at Savidh Medical Systems|14 May, 2010

  • The conviction rate under SC/ST Prevention of Atrocities Act is 15.71 per cent and the pendency is as high as 85.37 per cent. By contrast, conviction rate under IPC is over 40 per cent. A study by a scholar of National Law School finds that while an average six days were taken to file an FIR, it took as many as 260 days on average to file charge-sheets in cases of atrocities against Dalits.
    Just as this study show case the disparity, any planning intended to address the problems of people should have segregated data available to understand how a particular community is differently vulnerable.

    Posted by Jacob John | 14 May, 2010

  • Yes Recasting of 2011 Census is a need of Time. The present census project ryunning in present style of work copuld not be dipict a true demographic picture. There are census workers are preparing their report in the shape of abstsract citizen identity. The true identity of the citizen family is not browsing with their real existence amongst the societirs based on educated or non-educated people.

    Posted by Shahid Raheem , Fellow, Islamic Studies at Observer Reserach Foundation, New Delhi | 14 May, 2010

  • Yes, it is a right decision to go for caste based census collection. For any practical purpose of the government like implimentation of any welfare scheme, estimation of any quantum or even for reservations, caste wise statistics is very necessary till we get rid of the concept of caste constitutionally and caste grooups in politics. Instead of depending on 1931 census of the British, it is better to have our own that too of latest. It is very wise decision.

    Posted by VIJAYAKUMAR VEDAGIRI , Field Publicity Officer at Govt. of India | 14 May, 2010

  • Casteist ruffians who masquerade as politicians are eyeing the Caste census to break the Supreme Court threshold of 50 per cent reservation. This is an evil way to backwardise India with catastrophic consequence. Caste and religion are the pet themes of politicians to garner votes at the cost of nation\'s unity & integrity.

    Posted by VN Balakrishna | 14 May, 2010

  • The way issue had been or is being debated now will never be resolved to the optimal satisfaction of those involved in the issue and the debate on it.

    Most commentators, experts and thinkers are missing the larger reality of social inequality which is indeed caste-driven for thousands of years.
    ...See More

    Posted by Surinder Arora , Chief News Editor at United News of India | 14 May, 2010

  • Caste should be kept away from the ongoing Census. Caste based census will help only the political parties who use the caste base for their political gains as a strong mass base. In the past it was the caste base of the weaker section that was exploited for political gains. But today the scenario has changed the Hindutva ideologs are behind using the single largest majority for its political gains. The caste base census will only help the political parties than help in uplifting the status of the weaker section.

    Posted by Azmathulla Shariff | 14 May, 2010

  • The cast count with a special focus on the OBC might not do the whole purpose justice. The idea of positive discrimination has not really helped India to achieve what it wanted to, when they started with the idea of additional rights and benefits. The unaware remain unaware, the power held by a few OBCs, being exploited by them for vote bank.
    The classification of the community on a whole in certain classes makes even lesser sense in 2010 due to the immobilization and the irregularity of the social growth.
    The government of India needs to carefully determine what they thought they could achieve with this kind of a tedious exercise, because objectively speaking any positive analysis of the data seems unlikely. It only restricts the continuity of the backwardness of communities ...See More

    Posted by Papia , Assistant Coordinator at CSE | 14 May, 2010

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